Prophets are figures from the Old Testament who conveyed the word of God, among them Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Elijah, Ezekiel, and Habbakuk. Their prophecies usually admonished the Israelites and inspired their choice of a proper moral path. The message underscored the well-being of the Jewish nation and typically contained warnings against disobedience to God and promises of rewards for submission to his wishes. These biblical personages are not only key to Judaism but also to the Christian faith as they are the ones who foretold the coming of Christ. Isaiah, for instance, spoke of the virgin birth of the Messiah and Elijah spoke of his second coming.
   The prophets are often represented in religious art, the most remarkable examples rendered by Michelangelo on the Sistine ceiling at the Vatican (1508-1512). They also appear in the Psalter of Jean, Duke of Berry (c. 1380-1385; Paris Bibliothèque Nationale) rendered by André Beauneveu and on the predella in Pedro Berruguete's Retablo de Santa Eulalia (after 1483; Paredes de Nava, Church of Santa Eulalia). From 1415 to 1435, Donatello sculpted a series of prophets for the niches in the Campanile of the Cathedral of Florence, now housed in the Museo dell' Opera del Duomo.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • prophets — ‘Prophets’ in English Bibles usually renders Hebrew ‘nebi i m’, though other terms are used. Thus there were ‘seers’ (Hebrew, ro e h, a seer, 1 Sam. 9:9), who passed on messages from God received in dreams or divination. There were also sorcerers …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Prophets — may refer to:*Nevi im ( The Prophets ), which is the second of the three major sections in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) *Prophets of Islam 124,000 in total, begining with Adam and ending with Muhammad. *Prophet, an interpreter or spokesperson of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Prophets — /ˈprɒfəts/ (say profuhts) plural noun the books which form the second of the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament, comprising 1. the Former Prophets, Joshua, Judges, I and II Samuel, and I and II Kings. 2. the Latter Prophets, a. Isaiah,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Prophets —    This term refers to one of the three main sections of the Tanak or Hebrew Scriptures: Torah (Law), Nebi im (Prophets) and Ketubim (Writings) …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Prophets — noun plural the second part of the Hebrew Bible see bible table …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Prophets — /prof its/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the canonical group of books that forms the second of the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament, comprising Joshua, Judges, I and II Samuel, I and II Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos …   Universalium

  • Prophets — noun a division of the Old Testament, comprising the books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve …   Wiktionary

  • PROPHETS —    See PRIESTS, HEBREW PROPHECY …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Prophets — Proph|ets, the 1.) one of the main parts of the ↑Old Testament of the Bible, consisting of the writings of Jewish holy men such as Isaiah, Joshua, and Jeremiah 2.) the Jewish holy men who did these writings …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • prophets — proph·et || prÉ‘fɪt / prÉ’ n. one who predicts the future, seer; forecaster, foreteller …   English contemporary dictionary

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